Can organic farming feed India is a bogus question
Can organic farming feed India with evergrowing population? Our current Indian population is hovering around 1.3. billion, and itis estimated to be 1.7 billion by 2050. Therefore, this question seems very relevant, however, more often than not, this question is asked to confuse by biased interest groups. They maliciously try to paint organic farming as cave mentality, backwards-looking and retarded system, the organic farming system is a scientific system which merges with conventional wisdom and respect for our planet.
For our existing population, India achieved food and nutrition security quite a while back. Also, the very premise of this question is faulty. It is like asking if clean fuel vehicles replace fossil fuel vehicle TODAY? It is presumptive to portray that transitions take place overnight and the industry doesn’t benefit from adaptative transitions and innovations.
Based on one study In the Royal society journal which analysed the meta-analysis of 115 studies comparing organic and conventional agriculture, the broad gap is is less than 19%. And through various indices, it demonstrates that if Organic farming is done right the gap between chemical farming and organic farming is reduced to only 8%. AND this gap could be even smaller as existing studies were “often biased in favour of conventional agriculture”.
Last few years have witnessed many kinds of research and innovations in organic farming systems. Today, we have powerful evidence to prove that the organic farming system can not only compete with chemical farming in but it exceeds the conventional output.
Interestingly, the ability of synthetic fertilizers to increase crop yields has been declining.
One example, by cell elongation, the number of female flowers are increased as much as 80% giving more vegetables and fruits. All through using innovative organic products.
In answer to the question can organic farming feed India, it is important to note that productivity is not the only factor. Accessibility of the food, distribution and food wastage are other dominant factors. Also curbing the food wastage in modest ratio can solve this. According to Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), every year around 1.7 billion tonnes, or almost one-third of food produced for human consumption, is lost or wasted globally. In India, the value of food wastage (harvest and post-harvest ) is estimated at around ₹ 92,000 crores per annum.
So, in a nutshell, Organic Farming can feed India while balancing ecology and protecting health and environment. The need of the hour is to correctly portray and inform about sustainable organic farming. Also, we need to improve distribution, accessibility and food storage (harvest and post-harvest) systems.