Conventional vs organic farming

The differences between Conventional vs organic farming stem directly from the farming methods that were conventional vs organic farmingused during the food’s production. Many people are unaware of some of the differences between the two practices.  Agriculture has a direct effect on our environment, so understanding what goes into our agriculture is important.

Below is a list of some of the key differences between organic and conventional farming. One of the biggest differences that is seen time and time again across all research between the two farming practices is the effect on the land. Organic farming works to increase sustainability, biodiversity, and to encourage good soil and air quality. This is maintained by the use of natural growing practices, the avoidance of harmful chemicals, and the continued practice of crop rotation and other natural farming methods.

Organic Farming

  • Organic farming minimizes chemical usage by using fertilizers such as manure or compost to nourish soil and promote plant growth.
  • Rotate crops, use mulch or hand weed to provide beneficial crop hygiene, remove pests and reduce disease.
  • Organic farming promotes biodiversity
  • Give organic feed to animals and allow them access to open pasture while utilizing rotational grazing patterns
  • Soil health is improved with organic farming practices

Conventional Farming

  • Use synthetic or chemical fertilizers often containing nitrates to promote plant growth.
  • Use antibiotics, growth hormones and medications in animals to prevent disease and promote growth.
  • Uses herbicides to kill off weeds and insecticides to kill off insects and bugs in order to reduce disease.
  • Conventional farming uses unnatural farming methods.
  • Use of pesticides in conventional farming has garnered attention towards acceptable levels of toxicity.
  • Pesticides used in conventional farming can be damaging to your health.


Conventional vs organic farming comparison

There are many other differences between organic and conventional farming, but these seem to be the most spoken of in regards to consumer health. There have been arguments around whether or not conventional farming methods are safe for one’s health. This is because of the pesticides and GMO’s used in the conventional farming practices. Many people are concerned that those growing practices promote unsafe chemical use, especially because the level of toxicity is said to be under a “safe” level, but what is really safe?

Luckily, many places make it easy to get a hold of seasonal, local and organic products. There are many grocery delivery services and organic markets that promote a more healthy way of eating.