DeComp is a unique combination of Aerobic, Microaerophilic and Oil Decomposing Bacteria giving results in 10-14 days. It works as Biofertiliser, Bio-control and as well as Soil Health Reviver. It constitutes microbial diversity which enables the composting process to continue despite the constantly changing environmental and nutritional conditions. The microorganisms, responsible for composting in the consortium, degrade a broad range of complex proteins, lipids, and sugars to simple carbohydrates, fatty acids, and amino acids. This results in a thorough degradation of the compost material. It is excellent for treating all cellulosic material. All members of this effective combination are selected from nonpathogenic strains of respective genus and enzymes.
How DeComp Works
How composting occurs
The first phase of the composting process starts with the degradation of the most easily degrading organics components like sugars, organic acids, and amino acids. It is mediated by aerobic microorganisms with the consumption of oxygen and release of carbon dioxide and energy. Different microbial communities present on the solid straw with aerobic microbes from consortium predominate during the initial composting phase. This process initially raises the temperature of the pit or mass. High temperatures accelerate the breakdown of proteins, fats, and complex carbohydrates like cellulose and hemicellulose and other the major structural molecules in plants. DeComp also fortified with cellulolytic enzyme mix which on attending its optimum temperature further induce complex polymer breakdown.
In the second phase, initial decomposition is carried out by mesophilic microorganisms, which rapidly break down the biodegradable compounds. The composting process continues with more complex organic molecules. The beginning of this stage is followed by the death of a huge part of the microbial population because of the lack of available food. Additionally, the fast decrease in temperature is followed by changes in the population of active microorganisms from thermophilic to mesophilic. This transformation of organic matter is possible due to the enzymes, which are catalysts for all biochemical reactions. At this stage, the booster is added. It helps to build already present flora. Due to the predominance of mesophilic microbes, it becomes the mesophilic phase. During the mesophilic phase, actinomycetes regrow. They degrade actively the starch, cellulose, and lignin compounds necessary for the synthesis of humus components. They play also a basic role in the humus formation and produce aromatic compounds. The humification is attributed to oxidative polymerization of phenolics obtained by the catabolism of lignin, tannins, and polyphenols, or to new microbial biosynthesis
DeComp Solution consists of three products:
1. DeComp Activator
DeComp is a unique combination of Aerobic, Microaerophilic & Oil Decomposing Bacteria giving results in 10-14 days. It works as Biofertiliser, Bio-control and as well as Soil Health.
2. DeComp Booster
This technology is designed to expedite the decomposition process. It doesn’t contain any living microbes but containing microbe enhancing signals (all organic constituents).
3. DeComp Deodoriser
Deodoriser neutralises the bad odor formed because of decomposition of solid and or liquid waste. It first dissolves gaseous odorous components in water or available moisture. The dissolved odorous components are adsorbed and absorbed by unique microbial formulation.
Microbial Consortium is a unique combination of Aerobic, Mesophilic, Microaerophilic & Oil Decomposing microorganisms
Following three ways the composting take place:
- Degrade in high oxygen area
- Degrade in low oxygen and high CO2 area
- Degrade complex nonpolar material
All constituents of this effective combination are isolated from non-pathogenic strains of respective genus & conglomerate with stable enzymes. DeComp Can be applied on pre and post-harvest waste, either standing on-field or collected/Food waste/Dairy Waste etc
Mix 1 Litre of DeComp 10 in 200 litres of water. Stir it for 10 minutes. Use it within 24 hours. Spray it on farm waste. Sprinkle water regularly to keep it moist.
After seven days with 100 gm of DeComp Booster must be applied in 200 litres of water. For smell-free composting, apply DeComp Deodoriser to
neutralize the bad Odour formed due to the decomposition of solid/liquid waste.
Efficacy of the composting process
By using Decomp, the C:N ratio of stable compost at the end of the process range between 10:1and 20:1, with the most stable average of 16:1 at 12 th day. As resulting compost is not above 20:1 witch is high C=N ratio, it neither prevents N availability to plants due to nitrogen immobilization caused by available micro-flora. Other processes may end with A final C:N above 20:1 that compost will not readily release nitrogen, Some comparative process create C:N ratio above 30:1 indicate a compost that will inhibit nitrogen mineralization and tie up nitrogen from the soil. This affects compost use for farmland application and additional nitrogen supplementation is necessary for better plant growth. In our formulation, this is avoided and nitrogen becomes readily available to plants Humidity Optimal humidity of the compost obtained after using DeCompis 52–64% at 10 to 12th day. As this value is not frequently more than 65%, anaerobic conditions are under control. Same time DeComp does not decrease humidity values below 40%, therefore, the biological activity of the compost do not get reduced. Therefore it is always recommended to moist agro-waste during the composting process regularly to avoid sudden humidity decreases resulting in biological activity inhibition. Composting of high-humidity matter (80%) is made possible through the addition of booster with a low-humidity content to stabilize the compost if essential.
Composting is an aerobic process. Oxygen is an essential ingredient for successful composting. DeComp application results in 7 to 11% oxygen microenvironment which is very favorable for aerobic microbes who can survive at concentrations as low as 5%. DeComp level maintains aerobic decomposition at the optimal stage.
The pH of the composting plays a major role in the availability of plant nutrients. When the bacteria and fungi digest organic matter, they release organic acids. As the pH decreases, the growth of fungi increases, followed by decomposition of lignin and cellulose. The best and most common value of pH is between 6 and 7. DeComp application regulate pH between 5.65 to 7.50 at 10th to 12th day. DeComp prevent compost system for acid
accumulation. Therefore anaerobic atmosphere cannot limit the microbial activity.
At the end of 10 th day, DeComp application with booster application result in electrical conductivity less 4dS/m2. This is very favorable as a high concentration of salts injure plants. EC is critical for greenhouse potting and farmland application.
Ammonium and nitrate nitrogen is a plant-available N form. DeComp Application always maintains ammonium nitrogen less 480 mg/kg and nitrate nitrogen around 270 to 490 mg/kg on a dry weight basis in resulting compost at 12th day incubation process. This is very favorable as high values of ammonium nitrogen can injure plants. Its concentration in compost should be less than 500.
Organic matter is defined as the present percentage of the dry amendment. DeComp application creates organic matter less than 45% at 10th to 12th day. High values of more than 60% indicate fresh and uncomposted material. This show DeComp is composting most material in a highly efficient way.
Microbial Consortium 40 %
Cellulolytic enzyme mix 0.1%
Stabilizing agent 7.9%
Antifoaming agent 12 %
QS -Aqua 40%
Results and Observations
|Chemical parameters||Sugarcane straw||Wheat straw||Rice straw|
|Water soluble P||0.63||0.82||0.84|
|CEC (C mol/kg)||129||113||146|