conventional farming

Any need of conventional farming in the 21st century?

Conventional farming refers to the traditional chemical farming systems which include the usage of synthetic fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, herbicides, genetically modified organisms, concentrated animal feeding operations.

This system had been in intense practice since the 1960s in order to boost yields and feed the growing global population without the fear of food scarcity. While we attained the food security but also we inherited dangers of using harmful chemicals in farming.

With the advent of modern organic farming, the healthier food can be grown with competitive yield, environment safety, and health benefits. This upsets the chemical industry as it jeopardizes their billions of dollars poison pumping in the agriculture. All sorts of false arguments are thrown to confuse people as if they and only they have the godly capability to feed people.

Here are some negative impacts of chemical farming:

Soil degradation:

The inability of soil to support the growth of crop is known as soil degradation. Unlike the organic fertilizers, most of the chemical fertilizers consist of only N.P.K nutrients (Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium), and the continuous usage will result in exhaustion of other micro and macronutrients and soil loses its ability to hold water resulting in topsoil runoff and flooding.

Contamination of air and water:

When nitrogen compounds from fertilizers, drift over the industrial area and combine with already contaminated air, will result in the formation of solid particles which can stick in the lung tissues of children and adults causing breathing difficulties, impaired heart, and lungs function. The chemical wastes from the farm find its way to groundwater and sea. In the United States, more than half of freshwater wells tested is pesticide contaminated and the tap water across North America contains pesticides in levels that far exceed federal health standards. When the chemical wastes get segregated in the ocean, they create “dead zones” in the seas where oxygen is virtually eliminated and no plants or any marine life can grow in these dead zones.

Chemical resistance to pests:

Resistance to pesticides can occur when the same chemical or pesticides with similar working mechanism is being applied at the same place. This will lead to genetic make-over of pest against chemicals and results in the development of a larger population of heritable resistant organisms.

For example, In Manitoba, there has been one suspected case of mite resistance to dicofol in strawberries. In Hawaii and Japan, the diamondback moth evolved resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis.

Loss of Biodiversity:

Conventional farming encourages the use of hybrids and genetically modified crops, which results in the extinction of the original breed which has original and unique taste along with flavour. A broad-spectrum pesticide or fungicide will kill the pest along with the environmental friendly organisms and natural enemies of the pests. This will result in the loss of biodiversity and also Pest resurgence, which refers to the sudden growth in the pest population due to the absence of its natural pest.

Health hazards:

Chemical pesticides can cause severe health issues when consumed directly (by eating foods having pesticide residue) or indirectly (by inhaling the chemicals during their applications in farms or air filled with chemicals). Such chemicals can lead to cancers, allergies, birth defects, genetic damage, and can cause harm to hormones, skin, eyes, lungs, nervous system, and reproductive organs.

These pesticide residues on fruits and vegetables cannot be removed by washing or peeling. The USDA found that, in 2002, up to 90% of most commonly eaten produce were contaminated with pesticides.

So be the part of the change by being the part of organic farming rather than conventional farming, for better health and better future. If you are a commercial grower or home gardener, you can ask us to provide you more information on our advance organic products that are 100% certified.

http://smuragro.com/our-organic-product

Authored by Smur Marcom – Miss. Konudula Oohitha

 

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